The Medical Uses and Side Effects of Diuretic Tablets

Diuretic tablets are also referred to as “water pills”, which actually belongs to a class of drugs that are made to raise the amount of water loss and salt loss from one’s body. Depending on the type of diuretic tablets, the process of the reduction of water and salt can differ in many ways.  There are some various types of diseases or disorders that can be effectively treated with the use of diuretic tablets such as heart failure, hypertension or high blood pressure, edema, diabetes, and specific types of kidney and liver diseases.

There are actually 3 various kinds of diuretic tablets that your physician may prescribe to you.  They are known as loop, potassium-sparing, and thiazide diuretic tablets.  While diuretic tablets are usually safe to use, there are some instances in which a person can experience side effects due to the drug itself or due to its interaction with other drugs that the patient is also currently taking.  Make sure that you inform your doctor before you are going to take some diuretic tablets if you have the following issues or conditions: gout, pancreatitis, diabetes, lupus, kidney issues, menstrual issues, frequent instances of dehydration.  Each time you start taking a new drug for some other ailment, you must also inform your doctor of it as well as other herbs or supplements you may be taking.  Know that the following medications may interact gravely with diuretic tablets such as lithium, digoxin or digitalis, cyclosporine, antidepressants and other medicines intended to lower or treat high blood pressure.

Your physician will surely want to give you diuretic tablets to take in order to eliminate extra fluids that you do not need in your body.  There are many types of medical issues that you can encounter that causes your body to hold on to too much fluid.  A patient who has high blood pressure can be given diuretic tablets to help with the condition by lowering the amount of fluid inside the blood vessels, thereby lowering the blood pressure as well.

A patient with congestive heart failure (CHF) is a good candidate to be treated with diuretic tablets.  For a CHF patient, their heart is not effectively circulating their blood within the body, which then results to an unfortunate buildup of fluids within the body, which is also medically called edema. Other conditions that can cause fluid buildup that can be treated with diuretic tablets include liver and kidney diseases as well as diabetes mellitus.

Of course, just like other medicines, diuretic tablets can also have specific side effects.  The most common diuretic tablet-related side effect is increased frequency in urination, which is evident in the use of loop diuretic tablets.  In extremely rare cases, diuretic tablets may cause the patient to experience an irregular heartbeat or even erectile dysfunction.  The following are some of the common side effects when taking diuretic tablets: thirst, headache, low sodium, very low or very high amounts of potassium in blood, muscle cramping, skin rashes, gout or joint pain, diarrhea, increase in blood sugar level, and sensitivity to light.